Drug addiction treated at SafeHouse Rehab Center Thailand falls into 7 main categories, as follows:
Drug Addiction Treated – Category 1 – OPIATES
There are a number of drugs that are closely related to opium. From heroin to morphine, to synthetics such as codeine, OxyContin®, Endone®, Vicodin®, Percocet®, Methadone®, Suboxone®, etc.
All of these drugs have dependence and addiction potential, whether obtained legally or illicitly. This is demonstrated by physical and psychological cravings when the addict does not take the drug. Anyone who takes any opiates frequently and in increasing amounts, and uses them for extended periods of time, will develop an addiction to the drug and its associated behaviours. Mentally, many opiate addicts, especially heroin users, become addicted within days, or even hours, of the first use. After 4 or 5 days of use, a physical dependence is shown with flu-like symptoms, and it gets worse from there. We believe, with good evidence, that heroin is one of the most lethally addictive substances on the planet.
Drug Addiction Treated – Category 2 – ALCOHOL
Alcohol is a drug. This fact is often forgotten or justified because it is a legal drug and readily available. Of all drug types it causes the most harm and the largest burden of disease on populations. The fact that it is legal and wholly socially acceptable blurs the lines immensely between social drinking, heavy drinking, problem drinking, dependent drinking, and full blown addictive/alcoholic drinking! It’s a minefield. Add into the mix the ‘denial’ factor that moderates the drinkers view of his or her consumption and consequences, and it’s not surprising that drinkers, above all, need to reach some sort of major crisis or rock-bottom before they decide they may need to have their drug addiction treated – indeed most drinkers are blissfully unaware they need to have a drug addiction treated at all. In the eyes of others, it may become very clear much earlier that an individual needs help. Sadly, that is not enough. Nobody will truly seek and accept help with due diligence until they themselves make the decision so to do. The effects of alcohol are very powerful. They invade the drinkers psyche and body with insidious stealth and take a huge toll. Alcohol is, like heroin, a narcotic drug (i.e attacks the central nervous system).
Drug Addiction Treated – Category 3 – STIMULANTS
Amphetamines and cocaine come in various forms. They fall in to the stimulant class of drugs, such as methamphetamine (ice, crystal, etc.), amphetamine (speed or base) and synthetics (bath salts, ecstasy etc.). Methamphetamine use in recent years has escalated. Amphetamines (speed or base) have been used for many decades illicitly. However, in Australia for example, the numbers of people using Methamphetamine (ice) increased in the late 90’s and the early 2000’s. With the easy availability, the purity of drug and its frequency of use are causing huge concerns for users and their families. The short and long-term effects of all forms of amphetamines are the same. Effects include: the feeling of dependency; weight loss; sleep disturbances; feeling disorganised, scattered or agitated; being depressed or anxious particularly when ‘coming down’ or ‘crashing’ off the drug. An aspect of major concern is phases of ‘amphetamine psychosis’. Symptoms include extreme mistrust of people (including family) and aural and visual hallucinations. Some week-end users successfully fool themselves they retain control of the drug, when it is actually the drug well in control. The reality is that they need their drug addiction treated quickly and seriously. It is not uncommon when asking people to recall their patterns of use that they begin to realise the ‘meth runs’ are becoming longer in duration, and that ‘tolerance’ to the drug gradually increases, thereby requiring ever larger doses to generate the same effects. Post withdrawal, it sometimes takes weeks for someone who has ceased using amphetamines to begin to feel they have the energy to do even simple tasks.
Drug Addiction Treated – Category 4 – CANNABIS
While Cannabis and synthetic cannabinoids are often thought of as soft drugs, they do cause serious psychological problems in many users. While they work for a period of time by ameliorating anxiety, shyness, issues of self-worth, self-esteem, self-confidence and some depressive symptoms, they often end up creating and exacerbating the very symptoms they once helped alleviate.
If cannabis use starts at a young age it will interfere with the developing brain wiring, memory retention, mood and motivation. Some people find it very difficult to cease using cannabis even if they want to. Many require entry into detoxification and a rehabilitation program. With the advent of new emerging substances such as the synthetic cannabinoids, and with their popularity growing due to on-line purchase availability, addiction to these drugs is growing. The grey area of legality and the ease of bypassing workplace and institution drug tests have added to their popularity. Many have found themselves very dependent on these substances and have required considerable treatment to reduce or cease their use.
Drug Addiction Treated – Category 5 – BARBITURATES AND BENZODIAZEPINES
These are narcotic depressants, which act in a similar manner to alcohol and opiates in that they slow down many brain functions. They have been in mainstream medical use since the early 1900’s, and are rarely manufactured and distributed by illegal means. This has rendered their use so widespread that users’ denial as to them being problematic is strong – just like alcohol. Nevertheless, the statistical dangers were very well documented, leading to the establishment of the less intrusive and dangerous barbiturate group known as benzodiazepines, more commonly known as tranquilisers. Physical and psychological dependence is widespread, and easily reached through regular use. Increased tolerance, overuse and overdose are very common, and cause many accidental deaths.
Drug Addiction Treated – Category 6 – DISOCIATIVE ANAESTHETICS AND HALUCINAGENS
This category of drug includes Ketamine, LSD, Mescaline, glue, paint thinners, hairspray, PCP and DXM. Though use of some of these such as LSD has diminished over the years, use of others such as ketamine, glue and PCP has mushroomed. These drugs are very dangerous for the mind. At any time, irreversible brain damage can be caused. Remember the expression ‘bad trip’? For some, the trip was one-way. And the physical affects to the body of some such as ketamine, can over time, be horrible and irreversible. On individual occasions, users report extreme and terrifying sensory deprivation. Fortunately for these users, if caught before disaster, withdrawal symptoms are mild and easily managed.
Drug Addiction Treated – Category 7 – POLYSUBSTANCE USE
Polysubstance use – this term is used for people who use a variety of different drugs to obtain a number of varying effects in a continual intoxicated state of being. A lot of people have a ‘drug of concern’ or a ‘drug of choice’ but issues such a financial capacity and availability of the ‘drug of choice’ mean they chop, change, and mix drugs regularly. This type of use has the added compounding factor that people become dependent on a number of different classes of drug at the same time. Well documented combinations include: alcohol and methamphetamines; benzodiazepines and opiates; methamphetamines and cannabis; cocaine and alcohol. The list of combinations of drugs is very wide, and varies dramatically from person to person.
The above Drug Addiction Treated categories will be the most common. However, there are so many categories of drugs; we could go on ad infinitum. (In India and Pakistan, they are now smoking scorpions! What drug group that belongs to, we are not really sure!).
The fact is that all and any drugs do a similar job for the user, and it is the ‘addiction’ that is treated, regardless of the substances favoured by the addict. This is outlined further on our detox page subsection ‘do we distinguish between drugs’. To have the drug addiction treated professionally and effectively requires the type of extensive and comprehensive program and schedule we offer at SafeHouse.